[Total : 9   Moyenne : 5/5]
CARCASSONNE LA CITE

Carcassonne était très tôt l’emplacement d’un site protohistorique très actif situé près du fleuve Atax (l’Aude). C’est la première apparition connue du toponyme Carcasso (voir supra au § Toponymie) « Dans l’intérieur des terres, colonies : Arles de la sixième légion, Béziers de la septième, Orange de la seconde ; dans le territoire des Cavares, Valence, des Allobroges Vienne ; villes latines : Aix des Salluviens, Avignon des Cavares, Apta Julia des Vulgientes, Alébécé des Reies Apollinaires, Alba des Helves, Augusta des Tricastins, Anatilia, Aeria, Bormanni, Comacina, Cabellio, Carcasum des Volces Tectosages, Cessero, Carpentoracte des Mémines, Ies Caenicendes, les Cambolectres, surnommés Atlantiques, Forum Voconii, Glanum Livii »24
Le site originel de Carcassonne se trouvait sur le plateau où passe l’actuelle autoroute A61. Il s’est ensuite déplacé, au vie siècle, vers l’emplacement actuel de la cité de Carcassonne sans raison connue. À la fin du IIe siècle av. J.-C., le lieu est déjà un oppidum avec des fossés et héberge des habitations gauloises. En 118 av. J.-C., les Romains s’emparent du lieu occupé par les Volques Tectosages et fortifient l’oppidum.
L’itinéraire de l’Anonyme de Bordeaux passe dans la région et mentionne ce site.
Ensuite les Wisigoths s’emparent de l’oppidum au Ve siècle25, puis les Sarrasins au VIIe siècle qui resteront environ trente ans avant d’être chassés par les Francs. Ces derniers laisseront le nom de Karkashuna. D’autres noms apparaissent comme Carcasona ou Carcassione26. Après l’éclatement de l’Empire Carolingien, l’époque féodale s’instaure avec à la tête de la ville la famille Trencavel qui va y régner en dynastie du XIe au XIIIe siècle. Carcassonne prospère et prend une place stratégique très importante dans le Languedoc.
(source wikipédia), (photo PF)

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